The Digital Media Project


Philip Merrill


TRU #65 to restrict place of use





Philip Merrill

Affiliation/additional information:

Active Contributor, Pasadena, California

Date submitted:







Name of TRU

Right to restrict place of use


Summary description of TRU

creator's right to specify place restrictions on where their creations are to be consumed, for example a restriction could apply authorising only built-to-spec kiosks; significant mainly as having affected the analogue past of TRU reproduction thus conditioning economic aspects within which Middle-men tried to "game" the system


Use records of TRU

It is suggested that place restrictions of any kind overlap with privacy TRUs, and can be contrasted from alternative anonymity examples and from the public area generally. By saying "use this here" a restrictive creator inherently carves off boundaries between consumers and the rest of the world around them.

A prime example is the control that a production company first releasing a new movie exercises as to show locations. At least, as was the case before the Internet.

Also, some cultures consider certain locations holy and most commonly perform, express and sing certain compositions primarily in those locations, for example church choirs. In fact, many governmental functions are similarly configured, for example militaristic displays with mark-bearing shields.

Somewhat conspicuously, this right runs right up against TRU space-shift. The question for DMP will be what digital support should be given for both.


Nature of TRU

There is no significant legal support for this right, however all the law presupposes technological delivery limitations that support this. So this TRU is supported in fact and the law has worked around whatever set of facts preexisted disputes (or the need for regulatory policy).


Benefits of TRU



Possible digital support

Although there might be many opportunities for which it was possible to support authorial restrictions of place, it should be noted that these could interfere with privacy and TRU political freedom.

Clearly some restriction could be made that DMP DM was to be consumed on DMP-compatible devices, which is a manner of place restriction in itself.

Support for TRU of regional pricing also would include TRU to restrict place of use to some degree.

Note possibility of supporting types of entertainment predicated on place-restriction, such as electronic tour guides or navigational content.

In many ways, support for this TRU is entirely a matter of REL granularity, that is to say that access restrictions should be sufficiently fine-grained to give creators good alternatives to choose from.

Note one possible example of support for this TRU is described in the DMBM template for a Location-Based Entertainment NetKiosk.



DMP shall support configurable restrictions on where content is consumed.